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Old Dutch Parsonage
Wallace House
Visit Old Dutch Parsonage and Wallace House
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Wallace House

Historic Houses Tours: February 2020

Historic house tours are not available Fri., Jan. 31Wed., Feb. 5; Thurs. Feb. 6; Fri., Feb. 21; or Fri., Feb. 28.

Please call (908) 725-1015 or email wallacedutch@dep.nj.gov to confirm tour availability before visiting.

Spring Events at Old dutch and Wallace House

Five Generals Bus Tour
Sunday, February 16, 2020

The Heritage Trail Association’s signature tour takes travelers through five historic houses used as generals’ headquarters during the 1778-79 Middlebrook Cantonment including Gen’l Washington’s headquarters at the Wallace House. Register with Heritage Trail.

Washington’s Birthday Annual Meeting & Lecture
Sunday, February 23, 2020

1:30pm: Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association Annual Meeting
Join the nonprofit Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association for their annual meeting, reviewing achievements of the association over the past year including many contributions to the historic sites. Learn about upcoming initiatives and how you can get involved.

2:30pm: Larry Kidder, Ten Crucial Days: Washington’s Vision for Victory Unfolds
Larry Kidder is an author and historian. He will discuss George Washington’s leadership through the “Ten Crucial Days” from Washington’s Crossing to his victorious march through Somerville following this storied campaign.

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The Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association placed flags at the stone on Somerset County’s Courthouse Green that marks Gen. Washington’s victorious retreat following the Ten Crucial Days.
Photo Credit: Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association

 

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This program is one in a series celebrating the Department of Environmental Protection’s 50th Birthday.

 

While living at the Dutch Parsonage, the Reverend Mr. Jacob Hardenbergh sold 95 acres of land and a small farmhouse to John Wallace, a Philadelphia fabric importer and merchant.John Wallace Between 1775 and 1776, Wallace purchased an additional 12 acres of land and built an eight-room Georgian style mansion adjoining part of the existing farmhouse. It was the largest house built in New Jersey during the Revolutionary War. Naming his estate "Hope Farm," Wallace intended the property to be his country seat and place of retirement.

In the winter of 1778, General George Washington's Continental Army encamped at Middlebrook in the Watchung Mountains, just 3 miles from Hope Farm. Washington chose the area because it was a defensible one, with a good network of roads, plenty of timber for the soldiers' huts, and a sympathetic populace.

The area had few houses, however, suitable for officers' quarters. Because John Wallace owned one of the largest homes in the area, he was asked to share his home with Washington and his staff. He agreed and the Wallace house became Washington's headquarters for that winter. After spending 11 days at his new headquarters, Washington left for Philadelphia to attend Congress for 6 weeks.

When he returned to the Wallace House in February 1779, his wife, Martha, aides and servants accompanied him. The General and his staff kept busy by hosting foreign dignitaries, preparing dinner parties, and planning strategies for the upcoming spring military campaign. It was at the Wallace House that Washington and his staff planned the successful 1779 campaign Mary Wallaceagainst the Iroquois League, fierce allies of the British.

Camp broke on June 3, 1779, and Washington, upon his departure, paid John Wallace $1,000 for the use of his house and furniture. Life returned to normal for the Wallace family. John Wallace occupied the house with his wife, Mary, his mother-in-law, Mary Maddox, his youngest son, William, and their slaves. Two older children, Joshua and Anne, lived nearby with their families.

In 1783, John Wallace and Mary Maddox died. Mary Wallace died the following year. William Wallace, at the age of 21, became the heir to Hope Farm. He lived there until his death in 1796 at age 33. His wife, Sarah had died before him and their three orphaned children went to live with their uncle, Joshua Wallace in Burlington, New Jersey. Joshua sold Hope Farm to Dickinson Miller in 1801, after the house sat vacant for 5 years.

In 1896, after several families had occupied the house, the Revolutionary
Memorial Society purchased the home and used it as their headquarters

and museum.

In 1947, they gave the house to the State of New Jersey. The Old Dutch Parsonage and the Wallace House are both listed on the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places.



 
 

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Department of Environmental Protection
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Last Updated: February 3, 2020

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